Companies in this industry manufacture transportation equipment, including motor vehicles and parts, aircraft and other aerospace products, ships and boats, and railroad rolling stock. Major companies include US-based Boeing, Ford, and General Motors, as well as Airbus Group (the Netherlands), Bombardier (Canada), Fiat Chrysler (the UK), SAIC (China), Toyota (Japan), and Volkswagen (Germany).
Demand is driven by employment and interest rates, growth in consumer income, military budgets, and the overall economic climate. The profitability of individual companies depends on manufacturing efficiency, technical expertise, and product quality. Large companies enjoy economies of scale in manufacturing and purchasing, as well as advantages in marketing and distribution. Small companies can compete by specializing in niche markets. The US industry is highly concentrated: the 50 largest firms generate about 70% of industry revenue.
Products, Operations & Technology
Major products include cars and light trucks, aircraft, locomotives, boats and ships, and related parts. Motor vehicles and parts account for about 65% of industry revenue, followed by aerospace products (about 25%).