Companies in this industry develop and operate fields to extract crude oil and natural gas. Major companies include Apache, ConocoPhillips, and Exxon Mobil (all based in the US), as well as BP (the UK), LUKOIL and Tatneft (Russia), National Iranian Oil Company, PETROBRAS (Brazil), Royal Dutch Shell (the Netherlands), and Saudi Aramco (Saudi Arabia).
Companies with greater access to capital, which enhances their ability to secure drilling rights, purchase or lease equipment, and acquire smaller companies, enjoy competitive advantages. Efficiency in locating new, productive wells as well as continuing extraction from existing wells are the keys to profitability. Demand comes from oil and gas refiners and transporters, which are driven by consumer and industrial demand for petroleum products including gasoline, heating oil, lubricants, chemicals, and natural gas.
Products, Operations & Technology
Major products of the oil and gas exploration and production industry are crude oil and natural gas; other sources of revenue include natural gas liquids.