Organizations in this industry provide library or archive services, maintaining collections of print and electronic documents (such as books, journals, newspapers, and music) and facilitating their use for informational, research, educational, or recreational purposes. Major libraries and archives include the Library of Congress, the National Archives, and the New York Public Library, all based in the US, as well as the British Library, Library Archives Canada, and the Russian State Library.
Demand is driven by population. The success of libraries and archives depends on efficient operations and consistent funding. Large organizations may benefit from economies of scale in purchasing and administration. Small organizations can succeed by specializing or by serving an engaged community.
Products, Operations & Technology
School libraries for K-12 grade levels account for about 80% of US libraries, according to the American Library Association (ALA). Public libraries, established under state laws to serve a community, district, or region, account for about 10%. Other libraries serve colleges and universities, units of the armed forces, businesses, law firms, religious institutions, medical organizations (hospitals, laboratories), and government agencies.