Companies in this industry use freezing, canning, dehydrating, and pickling processes to preserve fruits and vegetables. Major companies include Dole Food, Kraft Heinz, JM Smucker, JR Simplot, Pinnacle Foods, and Seneca Foods (all based in the US); as well as AGRANA (Austria), Bonduelle (France), Del Monte Pacific (Singapore), Greenyard Foods (Belgium), La Doria (Italy), McCain Foods (Canada), and divisions of large food companies such as Conagra and General Mills (US).
Demand is driven by food consumption, which depends on population growth. The profitability of individual companies depends on efficient operations, because products are commodities subject to intense price competition. Companies compete largely based on cost and their ability to distribute the finished product. Large companies have advantages in purchasing and distribution. Small companies can compete effectively in local or regional markets. The US industry is concentrated: the 50 largest companies generate about 65% of revenue.
Products, Operations & Technology
The major processed crops in the US are tomatoes (solid tomato and tomato paste products); potatoes (French fries, potato chips); and oranges (orange juice). Other important processed products include corn; cucumbers (pickles); beans; grapefruit; apples (apple juice, applesauce); grapes (raisins); pineapples; peaches; jams and jellies; baby food; and soup. The two major types of operations are canning and freezing. Canned goods and frozen foods each account for about 45% of industry revenue; dried foods account for about 10%.